Did you know the first custom “designer home” appeared in the Sears catalog in the 1920s? Its base model, the Natoma, sold for $191.
One hundred years later, millions of Americans have realized their dream of designing and building a custom home. Are you hoping to join their ranks?
If so, you might be wondering: How are custom homes built? Where does the process begin? And who are the best Tulsa home builders to construct my Oklahoma dream house?
In this post, we’ll walk you through the custom home construction process so you’ll know exactly what to expect. Keep reading to learn more!
How Custom Homes Are Built
Some people sit down and design their custom home from the ground up. Others start with a sample floorplan and customize it to suit their style and their family’s needs.
Either way, the construction process remains mostly the same. Keep in mind that some of these steps may vary depending on your area, the building materials, and local building codes. Some of these steps might also overlap or occur at the same time.
Here’s a quick breakdown of the home building process.
1. Site Preparation & Foundation
Before you can start building, a crew must prepare the lot. They start by clearing trees, rocks, and other debris. Then they’ll level the site (if necessary) and dig in preparation for the foundation.
The most common types of foundations are slabs, basements, and crawl spaces. A basic slab is made of concrete and serves as the home’s floor. Basements and crawl spaces might incorporate cinder blocks or bricks into the walls and require framing to lay the floor.
2. Framing & Windows
Once your foundation and floors are down, the framing crew will assemble the walls on the ground and raise them into place. The builders will cut openings in the plywood for the windows as construction continues.
You’ll see headers over all the windows and doors to give the wall enough strength to support the roof. At each corner, the top plate of one wall overlaps the top plate of the other wall. Then they’re nailed together to bind the corner and form the framework of your home.
3. Roofing & Siding
Most home builders use wooden trusses for their strength and design flexibility. They’re also among the quickest part of the home construction process, as skilled builders can install trusses in a matter of hours.
Trusses are secured to the walls with metal plates and the roof is then covered in plywood or OSB. To complete your roof, the crew will lay shingles, tiles, or your chosen material.
If your home has a porch, this is the stage where the crew will build the frame and floor and extend the trusses over the porch. Now that the framework of your house is complete, it’s time to enclose it with windows and doors.
The final part of making your home “dried in” is installing the siding and soffit. This ensures your house is weather-proof and allows the interior work to begin.
4. Rough Electrical & Plumbing
Rough plumbing includes installing your home’s sewer lines and vents and connecting them to the septic tank. The crew will also install the water supply lines for each fixture, including showers and bathtubs.
Rough electrical work includes placing the boxes for outlets, switches, and lights and running electrical wires between the boxes. Wires are pulled through the boxes, clipped, and capped in preparation for future hookups.
5. Insulation & Drywall
Insulation can be made from a variety of materials, but its goal is the same. Insulation keeps your home warm in the winter and cool in the summer by limiting the transfer of heat in your walls and ceiling.
Once the insulation is in place, it’s time to close up the framework on your home’s interior. The crew will cover the walls and ceiling with solid drywall, made from gypsum or plaster sandwiched between thick paper.
Now that your house is beginning to look like a real home, all that’s left to do is the finishing work.
6. Finishing Work
The first part of finishing a home is installing the floor’s underlayment. This prepares it for the carpet, tile, or wood flooring you’ve chosen for your home.
Next, contractors will install the HVAC system, including all the vents and ductwork. The electrical team will then return to install your lighting fixtures and hook up the outlets and switches.
Your kitchen and bathroom come next, as the crew installs your cabinets and countertops. Once they’re in place, the plumbers will install your toilets, sinks, and faucets. You’ll then either connect to your private well and septic system or you’ll hook up to the city’s municipal sewer and water lines.
Now it’s time for the finishing touches to your home’s interior. The crew will install your interior doors, along with the molding around the windows, doors, and baseboards. Next comes painting the walls or applying wallpaper, if that was your chosen decor.
Once the painting is complete, it’s time to lay the carpet, tile, or wood flooring. At this point, your home should be move-in ready!
Before you do, however, the builder will make a thorough inspection and note any problems on a final “punch list.” These are the final issues that need to be corrected before you move into your newly built custom home.
Looking for the Best Custom Home Builders in Tulsa?
So, how are custom homes built?
The short answer is: Exactly the way you want them.
You have the freedom to modify a sample floorplan or create your own custom home from the foundation up. Either way, Banner Custom Homes is here to turn your vision into reality.
Give us a call at 918-724-6356 or use our online contact form to send us a message. We’re happy to answer any questions you have about the home building process.